Crop conditions improving but still behind
The southern half of Minnesota dealt with wet conditions this week limiting the number of days suitable for fieldwork to 3.8 during the week ending July 7, 2019, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer than normal temperatures over much of the Minnesota aided crop development giving crops some much needed heating units. However, the wet conditions in the southern half of the state hindered fertilizer and spraying activities in the area.
Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 61 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus.
Corn condition was rated at 60 percent good to excellent, a slight improvement from the previous week. Nearly all soybeans had emerged this week, with a few reports of some having started to bloom. Soybean condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 94 percent complete, 2 days behind last year and the 5 year average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 19 percent this week, 8 days behind normal. All hay conditions rated 78 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week. Pasture condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, increasing from the previous week.
In Iowa, 1 percent of the corn has begun to silk, over 1 week behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn condition declined to 61 percent good to excellent.
Seven percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 12 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 64 percent good to excellent.